Luang Prabang is a historical city established from 700 AD and was recognized by UNESCO in 1995 as a world cultural heritage.
Although it is only a small city with only 22,000 inhabitants, Luang Prabang is Laos’ most important tourist destination for foreign visitors. Recently, Luang Prabang entered the list of 10 cities most selected in 2007 by readers of prestigious Travel Leisure magazine.
Luang Prabang is located in northern Central Laos, where confluences of small rivers with the Mekong River, 425km north of Vientiane, are surrounded by trees, which are the capital of the Lan Xang empire, the first kingdom of Laos (1350 – 1545).
In the sixteenth century, although the capital was transferred to Vientiane, Luang Prabang preserved its position as the cradle of Laos’s diverse culture.
Luang Prabang is also a place to preserve the heritage of art and architecture: with over 30 magnificent palaces, most of them were built in the fourteenth century; about 40 ancient temples were built from different dynasties, each temple is a cultural work of high artistic value; Hundreds of old wooden houses are designed in a very beautiful style, arranged in orderly along the long small streets to create a beautiful and quiet look.
In Luang Prabang there are architectural masterpieces like Wat Xiengthong – the ancient Royal shrine built in 1560 and Wat May with 5-layer-thick roof tiles, two of many beautiful tombs with detailed lines. architecture and great decorative details. Wat Xiengthong has rich wood carvings and decorations.
A fairly famous spot is Wat Visounarath temple. In the past the temple had many precious Buddha statues stored in the towers. Due to the time and the destruction of nature, the towers have become ruined, the Buddha statues have been moved to the Royal Palace museum, including the famous golden Buddha statue of Pra. The Buddha State existed between 1513 and 1894.
Another sight is Wat Vixun, built in 1513 and then rebuilt in 1898. It worshiped the largest Buddha statue in Luang Prabang. In the same architectural complex, Ta Mak Mo is famous for its excellent hemispherical architecture. Here, visitors can climb. 328 Phousi terraces (stone blocks placed at the top of the temple in the center of Luang Prabang). The religious monuments here are very small but the shape is very beautiful.