Vientiane capital is located in Xaisomboun special zone. Special zone Xaisomboun was separated from a part of Vientiane and Xieng Khouang provinces in 1994 and on January 13, 2006, this special zone was dissolved.
Vientiane is located in the northwest of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, on a Mekong tributary at coordinates 17 ° 58 ‘North, 102 ° 36’ East, which is the natural border between Laos and Thailand..
Vientiane has a population of about 200,000, while the total population of Vientiane urban area is about 730,000 (2005).
There is a hot and humid tropical climate, divided into 2 distinct seasons: the dry season from May to September and the rainy season from October to April. The annual average temperature is 29 ° C, the highest possible. to 400C and the lowest is about 19 ° C. The average annual rainfall ranges from 1,500 to 2000.
According to Laos’ Phralak Phralam National epic, Prince Thattaradtha established the city of Chanthabuly Si Sattanakhanahud, believed to be the origin of today’s Vientiane city.
Today, historians believe that Vientiane was originally a Khmer settlement concentrated around a Hindu temple. In 1954, when the king
Fa Ngum established the Lan Xang kingdom, Vientiane became a important city, though it is not the capital. In 1560, Vientiane became the capital of the Lan Xang kingdom.
In 1893, Vientiane fell into the hands of the French colonialists and in 1899 Vientiane became the capital of Laos under the protection of French colonialism. Through many historical periods, today, Vientiane is still the capital of Lao PDR.
The name Vientiane is thought to originate from the original Laos language, meaning “The City of the Moon”.
Local government organizational structure
Vientiane is divided into districts: Chantabuly, Sikhottabong, Xaysetha, Sisattanak, Hatxaifong, under the leadership of the people’s government and the City Party Committee.
The role of Vientiane in the growth of Lao
As the cultural, commercial and administrative center of Laos, the capital of Vientiane is also the largest economic center in the country.
In 1994, the Friendship Bridge was officially inaugurated, connecting Vientiane with Nong Khai province of Thailand, opening a convenient traffic direction, facilitating the trade and economic development of Vientiane. Vientiane is also home to the country’s largest Wattay International Airport.
Strong economic sectors
Tourism, trade and industry are the areas of strength of Vientiane. Specially developed industries are food industry, silk weaving, cotton spinning, tanning, furniture making, handicraft making.
Patousai was built in the 60s of the twentieth century, to commemorate the Laotian people’s independence from France. The triumphal arch is built according to the model of a Triumphal arch in Paris, but is of Lao architectural style with the goddess Kinnari reliefs of half a bird.
That Luang Pagoda in Vientiane was built around the sixteenth century, on the remains of the earliest Khmer-style pagoda since – the 12th century. By the nineteenth century, the temple was heavily devastated by Thai people, but it was restored. The architecture of the temple represents the home of Laotian culture. Today That Luang temple is considered the national symbol of Laos.
Wat Sisaket is one of Vientiane’s oldest pagoda. It was rebuilt by the king Chao Anouvong in 1818. There are many ancient Buddha statues with high artistic value, dating from the sixteenth century to the nineteenth century.
In Vientiane, there are many other scenic spots such as Vat Phra Keo Pagoda, Wat Ong Teu Mahawihan, Wat Si Muang, Wat Sok Pa Luang Buddha Park, Lao National Museum …
Bunpimay traditional festival, also known as the Water Splash Festival, takes place from April 13 to April 16 every year. On the first day of Laos New Year, people clean their houses, prepare fragrant water and flowers and go to the temple. First they watered the Buddha statues, then they also splashed water on the monks, pagodas and trees around the temple, then to the people around. They not only splashed water on people but also houses, worshiping objects, animals and production tools.
Laotians believe that water will help wash away evil, sickness and wish everyone a long, clean and healthy life. Those who get wet a lot are happy. In addition, these days, people also tie colorful wrists to bless them.